In another section 'Violence and immigration' it is discussed how the 2012 imposition of Conditional Permanent Residence has facilitated the abuse of immigrant spouses. In addition to such policy-based facilitation of abuse, the service landscape has been progressively shorn of resources, forced into a neoliberal mode of management without regard to the complexity of the … Continue reading How do policy landscapes hamper anti-violence efforts ?
Introduction A survivor of violence should never be seen just as a generic survivor, a casebook statistic – even though the laws and policies applying to her may not have any more nuance. As an anti-violence specialist, as a survivor-centred service provider, one must ask and understand the implications of these questions (and more): what … Continue reading How does intersectionality apply to understanding and acting against violence?
Intersectionality is a term coined in 1989 by American civil rights advocate and leading scholar of critical race theory, Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw (1989, 1991). It is a theory that allows for study of overlapping or intersecting social identities and related systems of oppression, domination, or discrimination. “Rooted in Black feminism and Critical Race Theory, intersectionality … Continue reading What is intersectionality?
Here are some hypothetical case scenarios for you to think about. Write your thoughts and comments: what would you do if you were faced with these situations? The headers provide some clues... Settlement, housing for survivors, trauma informed approach You are a settlement counsellor with a busy caseload. Your 28-year-old client, an immigrant spouse, has … Continue reading In this case scenario what would you do?
During the data collection, we used a fictional case scenario (‘Nina’) in focus groups with service providers to understand what actions could be taken in a complex case of intersecting vulnerabilities of a sponsored spouse (being coerced into sex-selective abortion, threatened with divorce, unable to seek help from her own family, isolated and with English … Continue reading Case scenario: Helping ‘Nina,’ a sponsored immigrant spouse
Keeping in mind the risk of HBV to youth in their coming out or being outed, we designed a case scenario ‘Sima’ for discussants in focus groups to assess the relevant awareness of risk and protective steps in a case of an LGBT+ school-going teen suffering from withdrawal and falling grades, reporting extreme isolation and … Continue reading Case scenario – Assisting a gay teen at risk of violence
While culture and male privilege may be linked to (and even used by perpetrators in justification of) violence, the fact is that there is more than culture in play. Economic deprivation and downward mobility in the immigrant receiving society intersect with patriarchy in the generation of violence, which thus cannot be attributed to culture alone. … Continue reading Violence and immigration
Confusion reigned when we asked anti-violence service providers about what they understood when they heard the term 'honour-based' or 'honour-related' violence. Across 8 focus groups, a range of understandings emerged about HBV as also some vocal criticisms of the term itself. In hindsight, the confusion and disagreements are unsurprising. In the wider Canadian community, there … Continue reading What service providers said when asked ‘what is honour-based violence?’
What is ‘honour based violence’? Based on the international evidence, honour-based violence is gender violence driven by complex intersecting factors. These factors include collectivist notions of reputation (so-called ‘honour’ as an outcome of community estimations of masculine power to enforce feminine servility), heteronormative[i] and patriarchal control of sexuality and the subordination of personal agency to … Continue reading ‘Honour’-based/related violence – regarding its aspects and dynamics
Safety planning should be personalized and adaptive to the client’s changing needs, the fact that there may be multiple perpetrators of violence (as in an extended patriarchal family with a close-knit and sympathetic community reference-group) and to the dynamic aspects of the risk of violence. Risk and safety planning is complicated by large and diffused … Continue reading Safety Planning vs extended networks of violence